Saturday, May 26, 2012

Vikings and Cardamom. Scandinavian cooking.

Cardamom is an expensive spice -- each fruit pod with the seed inside has to be taken from the flower stalk by hand.  The pods ripen at different speeds, requiring close watching. Then dry and sell as they mature. It was native to India and Sri Lanka, and used in the Middle East to flavor coffee among other uses, including medicinal. So how did this get to Scandinavia? and in the delicious spicy coffee cakes and breads?

Vikings, says Natural Remedies of Arabia, in Saudi Aramco World magazine, Sept-Oct 2006, online at  They discovered it a millennia ago -- this probably would be the Norse Vikings, as I understand Swedish Vikings tended to go inland and down through Russia to the Black Sea, but the Swedes could well arrived farther south as well?

Others identify the 16th-17th Century Dutch as the bringers of the cardamom, see sites at   

Thursday, April 5, 2012

Pan-Archeology, Pan-Religion. New and Old World. Old Uppsala; Cahokia; Cultural Commonality

Similarities in monuments globally, symbols here and there. There are mound-building burial peoples, resembling the structures in Scandinavia and particularly Old Uppsala, in the Western Hemisphere, and not just the Maya and others in Central and South America.  See the National Geographic's Mississippian World article, era 800 - 1050 - 1100 ACE ff; Cahokia, America's Forgotten City, at

1.  Cahokia is the largest of many agricultural communities that, apparently suddenly -- little gradual build-up -- sprang up in the Southern and Southwestern United States. Cahokia was a full city.  Long used as a mere source of dirt, wearing down rather than excavations showed places of apparent human sacrifice or execution, some 53 women, a high-status man, and four men, or would that just be a burial, ritual, buildings on top of the mounds. Some were some 30 feet high, some 300 feet long. See  The name relates only to a French settlement there in the 17th Century.

2.  Monk's Mound, as it is called, covers some 14 acres and that makes it larger in footprint than the Great Pyramid at Khufu. Find images of it at  Artistic pottery design, figures, artifacts.

Someday, an expert will explore similarities in religious beliefs globally, symbols here and there.  These comments from readers were attached to a reference to Odin in another blog, and I reproduce them here, as a Pan-Religious idea.  

"It [the concept of Odin] has very little to do with Sweden apart from that Odin incarnated again and came there. Odin is God.

The very silly propaganda that are being posted and planted everywhere [that Sigge Fridulfsson [early leader of migration from Caucasus to Sweden, and first King, is a man only] is a brainwash. Odin is the God of this world AND he has been reincarnated several times with different names. He is Allfather and all that comes with that title. There is no other "God" than Godan."


And the other reader's response:

"The question doesn't refer to if Odin was a God, but whether Sigge was a man pretending to be a God or if he was a God in mortal form. Then it asks, if he was a man pretending to be a God, how was he successful in convincing others."